In a short time is Barcelona, became the most important city of the kingdom of Spain. Political and social conflicts also led to the rapid increase in the number of workers. The most important of these were the destruction of 11 monasteries in 1835 and the destruction of more than 60 churches in 1909.
Barcelona was also the center of the Catalan separatist movement. With the start of the Spanish Civil War in 1936, the city became the centre of the autonomous Catalonia government and Republican powers. In July 1936, the military uprising aimed at delivering the city to Francisco Franco was suppressed by the mass mobilization of Union militiamen. In March 1938, the Italian Air Force bombed heavily. The invasion of the city in January 1939 led the Republican government to accept defeat.
Catalonia’s autonomous institutions have been dissolved after Franco’s forces had been taken over. Despite the destruction suffered during the Civil War, Barcelona continued its development as the centre of an industrialized and rich region.
In 1978, the new Constitution became the centre of the Catalonia autonomous community (Generalitat de Catalunya). The region is located in the provinces of Girona and Lérida and Tarragona with Barcelona. He hosted the 1992 Summer Olympics.
Geography and climate
Located on the Passeig de Gracia, in the heart of Barcelona, the suites Avenue is a Deluxe Aparthotel. It was built on a slightly sloping terrain towards the Mediterranean in the direction of the Southeast. In the Northeast, besô is located in the fertile plain between the Llobregat rivers in the southwest. Northwest, the highest hill Tibidabo (532 M) is surrounded by mountains. The climate is soft in Barcelona, where the Mediterranean climate prevails.
Structure Of The City
The city plan of Barcelona is regular and harmonious. Trade and settlement areas are concentrated around the center of the Old Town. Industrial zones are spread from outside these to the environment. The main axis of the Old City is the Ramblas, which consists of the Plaza de Cataluña, the great commercial centre in the North, and the Paseo Marítimo, and the Ramblas, which runs along a series of boulevards along the coastline in the South. Ramblas is a popular promenade area with its wide sidewalks, tree-covered banquets and small shops selling books, newspapers, handicrafts, especially birds, and flowers.
The New City Ensanche (extension) extends north with its wide avenues that cut each other perpendicularly. The University Square is located at the northern end of the rondas, which surrounds the Old Town and the west of Ramblas in half-circle form. There is a bullfighting arena on both sides of the wide Jose Antonio Avenue that passes through this challenge. The other main street in the city is Avinguda Diagonal (Avenida Del Generalismo Franco until 1979).
Barcelona’s population is 20. in the first half of the century, it showed a slow increase rate. Migration from less developed regions of Spain from the 1950s to the early 1980s has rapidly increased population, and population growth has started to slow down due to high living standards throughout the 1980s and 1990s.
The city’s population is 1.673.075 as of 2006, the population of the metropolitan area is 3.218.071. Nearly two-thirds of the population was born in Catalonia.
It is understood almost everywhere in the official language of the Spanish Berselona. However, Catalan, the local language of Barcelona, is spoken by an overwhelming majority of the population. The majority of the population is Catholic Christians, but there are also evangelists, orthodox, Muslim, Jewish and Buddhist minorities. It hosts the largest Jewish population in Spain.
Three-quarters of the industrial organizations in Catalonia are in Barcelona and around. Production here constitutes a significant part of total country production. 18. beginning in the second half of the century, weaving, the most important industrial branch, was replaced by metallurgy and machinery industries. However, membership in the European Union accelerated the modernization of weaving. The main manufacturing products are automobile, heavy machinery, chemicals, pharmaceuticals, cosmetics and leather products. Barcelona is an important financial centre with its stock exchange and local and foreign grocery establishments in the city.
Maritime transport is also important in the city economy. More than a hundred ships of maritime ships connect the city to the ports of the world. In addition, tourism is among the leading sources of income in Barcelona.
Culture and education
Barcelona is a cultural center for all of Spain, as well as has an authentic historical tradition that enriches Catalan language and culture. Catalan culture, which is decisive in the political and social history of Catalonia, has not taken on a closed and local identity, but has developed by opening up to Europe, especially with other currents in the world.
Founded in 1450, the University of Barcelona and the Autonomous University of Barcelona founded in 1968 are among the city’s leading scientific and research institutions. The Museum of Fine Arts of Catalonia, which contains the works of Romanesque and gothic painters, is among the most important museums in the city, 12-18. the Federico Marés museum, where the sculptures of the century are displayed, and the Picasso Museum, the Marine Museum and Joan Miró Foundation, where Pablo Picasso, who lived in his youth for nine years, has many works.
Picasso lived in Barcelona in 1895-1900 and returned to Barcelona in 1901, when he left in 1900 and lived in Barcelona again until 1904, and created what he called “my blue period”, but settled in France after 1904. He died in 1973 in France. Museo Picasso (Picasso museum), 1981 in his wife Picasso’s ceramic work donated the current state of. More than 2,500 works of the famous painter can be seen in this city, especially in Museo Picasso.
Set in 1847, the Teatro del Sole is housed in the city’s opera and ballet. There is also a respected Symphony Orchestra in the city. Traditional Catalan folk dances are one of the most important art shows in the region. The city has 130 cinemas and 14 theaters other than amusement parks.
Barcelona, a city with a long sports tradition, hosted the 1992 Summer Olympics and the 1982 FIFA World Cup in Spain with two stadiums. The city is the home of Barcelona football club (FC Barcelona), founded in 1899, the world’s most well-known football team and the second richest football club in the world.FC Barcelona also has Basketball (Barcelona basketball team), handball (FC Barcelona handball), rink hockey (FC Barcelona Hooqui) and ice hockey (FC Barcelona ice hockey), futsal (FC Barcelona Futsal) and Rugby (Fc Barcelona Ragbi) teams. Another important football team in the city is RCD Espanol.
Popular sports events include international automobile races, swimming, tennis and football matches. The Barcelona Marathon, attended by more than 10,000 people, is held in March.
There are two stadiums in the five star categories of UEFA. These are Estadi Olímpic Llués companies with a capacity of 55,000, where FC Barcelona played their games and held the 1992 Summer Olympics with Camp Nou, Europe’s largest stadium with a capacity of 100,000.
The oldest settlement in the city is Monte Taber, a small hill. The ruins of the Roman walls are still visible on some of the streets here. The building of the Barcelona Cathedral in the centre of the Old City started in 1289 with the northern façade of the 14th century. although it was made in the 15th century. it was completed at the end of the century. The Western Front is the 19th century. it was added in the century. The concern of spatial integrity seen in late Gothic churches also shows itself in this structure. The width of the breath, the height of the feet, the thickness of the transeptin and the width of the inner space are understood as a single volume with the whole length and width of the breath. There are chapels among the inner pillars. The decorations have an elegant, flamboyant and exotic style, and the use of light is limited. Near the Cathedral, Plaza del Rey, most of which is 14. built in the 19th century, the Palace of the Countess of Barcelona Palacio Real mayor and the archival of the Aragon Kingdom were preserved in the 16th century. century palace. Plaza de San Jaime 15. and 16. the Congress Palace and the gothic city council building are built in the centuries. The 65-metre Statue of Christopher Columbus in Puerta de la Paz is located near the 14th century, which is used today as the Naval Museum. the century Shipyard, Reales Atarazanas, is one of the most interesting structures of the city.
The construction of the monumental Sagrada Familia church, perhaps the most important architectural structure of Barcelona and the city’s symbol, began in 1882. A year later, the famous Catalan architect Antoni Gaudi took over the task. Gaudi’s life was only enough to complete the front of the church and eight of the eighteen towers planned. The famous church, which is an example of Gothic style, is known as the ‘Never Ending church’ because it is still incomplete.
One of the places marking the city is the Port of Barcelona, the most bustling port in the Mediterranean. It is said that more than 700,000 ships have been stopped at this port per year. One of the main roads leading to the harbor goes to the monument of Columbus, the famous explorer Christopher.
Located on the city square, the arena is an attractive place for Catalan and tourists. Flamenco dance can be seen in many nightclubs. In fact, Barcelona is more of an entertainment city; it is possible to find places to have fun in all parts of the city.
Transportation in the city is provided by bus, trolleybus, underground and suburban trains. Trams were lifted in 1971. In the 1970s, the city expanded beyond the surrounding hills with the surrounding roads and tunnels passing under Tibidabo Hill.
The breakwater 17, built in 1747. it has become a port in the century. The port of Barcelona, which was later expanded, has reached its present giant dimensions.